Many people confuse physiotherapy and physical therapy. While they are similar, they have distinct differences that keep them separated into two different areas of medicine. Physiotherapy is a method of treatment that focuses on movement and takes a more hands-on approach (physical therapy is primarily focused on specific exercises). Physiotherapists treat individuals who have an injury, disease, or disorder to improve their body function, health, and quality of life.

What Is Physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy uses physical methods to treat disorders, diseases, and injuries. It may utilize massage therapy, exercises, manipulation of a particular area of the body, medication, or surgery. Musculoskeletal physiotherapy is the most common method of treating individuals with this branch of medicine. It treats issues lying in the muscles or skeletal systems, such as sprains, strains, back pain, and arthritis. This is the type of physiotherapy that most people with injuries will be treated with. Another method of treatment includes neurological physiotherapy. This treats individuals who have had strokes, who are living with a spinal cord injury, or who are otherwise dealing with a neurological injury, disease, or disorder. This type of physiotherapy often involves spinal manipulations, massage therapy, and neurological exercises. Cardiothoracic physiotherapy treatments will help those with respiratory problems, such as asthma or bronchitis. Whatever the type of treatment, physiotherapy always aims to improve body function, alleviate pain, and bring about health, all the while supporting your body’s natural processes and innate ability to heal itself.

Click on a body part to learn more about symptoms and treatments related to Physiotherapy
Click on a body part to learn more about symptoms and treatments related to Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy After an Accident

Car accidents and injuries are the most common occurrences that bring people into our office to work with a physiotherapist. This branch of medicine seeks to improve the body’s function as a whole, rather than just treating one area or dealing with one symptom. It involves looking at how all of the body’s primary systems—muscular, skeletal, and nervous—work together to bring about optimal function, health, and wellness. Physiotherapy after a car accident or injury can help you find pain relief faster, as well as increase your strength, flexibility, coordination, and balance. It will not only get you to where you were before the accident or injury, but it can help bring you to new levels of endurance, strength, and optimal body function.

Physiotherapy for Other Conditions

Depending on your personal circumstance, physiotherapy may look completely different for you than it does for someone else. You may do strength exercises, have neuromuscular massage therapy, undergo joint manipulation, work on stretching, or undergo electrotherapy treatment. Whether you’re experiencing limited mobility, neurological issues, chronic pain, or something else, our physiotherapy specialists can provide you with excellent treatment to ensure you heal quickly and improve your quality of life as soon as possible.

State of the Art Imaging and Testing Equipment

When you experience pain or injury, a physical examination can only tell orthopedic specialists so much information. Limited information can be beneficial, but it still may not be enough to fully diagnose and treat your health concerns completely. With imaging technology, AICA orthopedic specialists can use precise images to pinpoint the exact cause of your injury or pain. Specific tools are utilized based on your type of injury so give physiotherapists the most accurate look at the problem area. Some common types of imaging scans or tests utilized by physiotherapists are CT scans, X-Rays, MRIs, EMGs, or NCS testing.


X-Rays can give physiotherapists important information, specifically if any bones are fractured or broken. X-Rays are used as a method to rule out potential injuries so that the physiotherapist can determine the next steps in order to provide the best course of care.

CT Scans

Similar to X-Rays, CT scans can provide a close up look at bones and joints. However, while an X-Ray can only provide a look at the injured area from one angle, a CT scan can provide several different views from varying angles.

MRI Scan

If your pain or injury doesn’t stem from a bone injury, it could be a soft tissue injury such as a torn ligament, pulled muscle, or damaged cartilage. If this is the case, a physiotherapist would be better able to see any soft tissue damage with an MRI scan. While an X-Ray and CT scan focus on bones and the musculoskeletal system, an MRI specifically shows the soft tissue surrounding the bones. Again, an MRI can either provide a close-up look of the problem area, or it can help physiotherapists rule out different types of injuries to come up with a specific and accurate diagnosis.

Nerve Testing

Two types of nerve tests can be done to determine the source of nerve pain. Electromyography, or EMG, assess the health of the muscles and the nerves that control them. It measures nerve activity while muscles are active and at rest to see if there is any damage. A nerve conduction study, or NCS, measures how fast the nerves send out electrical signals. Herniated discs, carpal tunnel, or neuropathies can all be diagnosed with nerve testing.


With the state of the art imaging at AICA, physiotherapists can determine the source of your pain in order to develop a treatment course that best addresses your needs for faster, more complete healing for your body. You are in extremely capable hands with our highly skilled physiotherapists at AICA Orthopedics in Atlanta.

Learn More About Physiotherapy at AICA Orthopedics

Our entire staff is equipped to provide comprehensive medical care to you, no matter what you’re dealing with physically. We will work together with other specialists to design a customized treatment plan for you so that you can experience optimal health, full-body wellness, and the best life possible. Get in touch with us at AICA Orthopedics to learn more about our services or to schedule your consultation.


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