COMMON HIP AND KNEE CONDITIONS
Because your hips share so much of the impact of your body’s movement with your knees, most people tend to seek treatment for the following medical conditions:
Overuse Injuries – Hip overuse injuries, like tendinitis, commonly occur in individuals who tend to be active and regularly perform some form of cardio exercise, such as running, cycling, or sports like soccer.
These conditions tend to occur after an acute injury or may appear as chronic pain.
Cartilage Injury/Labral Tears – Tears typically involve the ring of cartilage, called the labrum, which aligns with the outside rim of the socket of your hip joint. The purpose of your labrum is to act like a rubber seal or gasket in order to securely maintain the ball at the top of your thighbone within its socket.
Trochanteric Bursitis – The inflammation of the bursa at the outside area of the hip is recognized as the greater trochanter. When this bursa becomes irritated, it can cause significant pain in the hip.
Osteoarthritis – The most common form of arthritis and experienced by millions of people throughout the world. People tend to experience Osteoarthritis when the protective cartilage on the ends of their bones wears down over time.
Although Osteoarthritis can cause significant damage to any joint in your body, the condition typically affects joints that are found in your hands, knees, hips and spine.
Osteonecrosis – Caused by a reduction of blood flow to bones in the joints. Because of the blood that flows to these bones diminishes, your bones can start to die and even break down.
Rheumatoid Arthritis – A chronic inflammatory disorder that tends to affect the smaller joints found in your hands and feet.
Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis focuses on the lining of your joints, which can cause painful swelling and eventually lead to joint deformity and bone erosion.
Fractures and post traumatic arthritis – Caused by the wearing out of a joint that has experienced some form of injury over time, perhaps from a car accident or slip and fall incident..
These types of injuries are known to damage the cartilage and/or the bone, changing the mechanics of the joint and making it wear out more quickly.
Soft Tissue Pain – Most people experience soft tissue pain on the outside of their hip, upper thigh or outer buttock and is caused by issues with muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues that encircle your hip joint.
– Less subtle than overuse injuries, fractures and dislocations of the hip are easier to diagnose because they typically derive from direct trauma and can be found with an X-ray.
If you are older than 40 years-old, the combination of aging, brittle bones, and poor balance could make you more prone to falls and hip fractures.
Even if your bones do not break, the ligaments and muscles in your hip area can be strained, bruised, or sprained.